article - Chișinău

Chişinău (Romanie pronunciation: [kiʃiˈnəw]; or Kishinev (afore 1991), Roushie: Кишинёв, Kishinyov) is the caipital an lairgest municipality o Moldovae. It is an aa its main industrial an commercial centre an is locatit in the middle o the kintra, on the river Bîc. The population o the ceety is 592,900 (2007) that grows tae 911,400 in the hale metropolitan aurie.

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Kintra  Moldovae
Foondit 1436

  Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, syne 2007

  City 571 km2 (220 sq mi)

85 m (279 ft)

 (1 January 2012)[1]
  City 1,129,300
  Density 1392.3/km2 (3,606/sq mi)

Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s) +373 22

Chişinău is the maist economically prosperous locality in Moldovae, an its lairgest transportation hub. As the maist economically an socially important municipality in Moldovae, the ceety haes a braid reenge o eddicational facilities.

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Accordin tae ae version, the name comes frae the archaic Romane wird chişla (meanin “spring”, “soorce o watter”) an nouă (“new”), acause it wis biggit aroond a sma spring. Nouadays, the spring is locatit at the corner o Pushkin an Albişoara streets.[2]

Ae alternative version, bi Stefan Ciobanu, Romanie historian an academician, haulds it, that the name wis formed the same wey as the name o Chişineu (alternative spellin: Chişinău) in Wastren Romanie, naur the mairch wi Hungary. Its Hungarian name is Kisjenő, frae whilk the Romanie name oreeginates.[3] Kisjenő in turn comes frae kis “sma” + the “Jenő” tribe, ane o the seiven Hungarian tribes that entered the Carpathian Basin in 896 an gied the name o 21 settlements.[4]

Chişinău is an aa kent in Roushie as Кишинёв (Kishinyov). It is written Kişinöv in the Latin Gagauz alphabet. It wis an aa written as “Кишинэу” in the Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet in Soviet times. Historically, the Inglis leid name for the ceety, “Kishinev”, wis based on the modifee’d Roushie ane acause it entered the Inglis leid via Roushie at the time Chişinău wis pairt o the Roushie Empire (e.g. Kishinev pogrom). Therefore, it remains a common Inglis name in some historical contexts. Itherweys, housomeivver, the Romanie-based “Chişinău” haes been steadily gainin braider uiss, especially in written leid.

Relatit page: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Moldovae

Chişinău is twinned wi:

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