Anguilla is a group of five islands in the Caribbean Sea. The islands are ruled by the United Kingdom.

Coat of arms
Motto: “Unity, Strength and Endurance”

Location of  Anguilla  (circled in red)
Status British Overseas Territory

and largest city
The Valley
Official languages English
Ethnic groups

  • 90.1% Black
  • 4.6% multiracial
  • 3.7% European
  • 1.5% other

90.3 % Christian
9.7 % Others
Demonym(s) Anguillian
Government Parliamentarydependency under a constitutional monarchy
Elizabeth II
Tim Foy
 Deputy Governor
Perin A. Bradley
Victor Banks
 Responsible Ministerb (UK)
Alan DuncanMP
Legislature House of Assembly
 Overseas territory
91 km2 (35 sq mi) (unranked)
 Water (%)
 2016 estimate
 2011 census
132/km2 (341.9/sq mi) (n/a)


2014 estimate
$311 million[3]
 Per capita
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone UTC-4
Driving side left
Calling code +1-264
ISO 3166 code AI
Internet TLD .ai
  1. “National Song of Anguilla”. Official Website of the Government of Anguilla. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011.

  2. For the Overseas Territories.

    UK Postcode: AI-2640

Anguilla was colonized by the British Empire and used to be part of what is now Saint Kitts and Nevis, but broke away in 1980 so it could stay part of Great Britain. Saint Kitts and Nevis wanted to be independent.

It is named after the Spanish word for “eel“, because it has such a shape.

. . . Anguilla . . .

The King or Queen of the United Kingdom is the ruler of Anguilla, but she works through a governor. He or she names, or appoints the governor, and he is just working there in place of the monarch. The legislature is elected by the people, has 11 members, and is called the House of Assembly.

Anguilla has mostly been part of the British Empire since the 17th century. The British brought thousands of slaves from Africa and forced them to work, like they did all over the Caribbean and North America. Many of the slaves decided to run away rather than be forced to work.[4] When the British decided to abolish slavery they paid all the slave owners a lot of money,[5] but didn’t give anything to the slaves. Now Anguilla gets most of its money from fishing and tourism.

Most people in Anguilla are Protestants, and speak English.

  1. The World Factbook or empty |title= (help)
  2. “World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision”. (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. “UN Data”. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  4. Gaspar, David Barry (1993). Bondmen and rebels : a study of master-slave relations in Antigua. Internet Archive. Durham : Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-1336-6.
  5. House of Commons (1838-03-16). Accounts of slave compensation claims; for the colonies of Jamaica. Antigua. Honduras. St. Christopher’s. Grenada. Dominica. Nevis. Virgin Islands. St. Lucia. British Guiana. Montserrat. Bermuda. Bahamas. Tobago. St. Vincent’s. Trinidad. Barbadoes. Mauritius. Cape of Good Hope. pp. 93–94, 312.

. . . Anguilla . . .

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. . . Anguilla . . .

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